We can see many different types of Hanok in media. Today, we will introduce you a various types of Hanok.
1. Giwajib (기와집)
Giwajib is the house built with tiled roof. Giwa is a pottery made by mud and baked. Mainly it is black colour but the house where high ranked people lives is blue tiled. Giwa was quite expensive so only Yangban(nobelman) could live in. Also, the house is partitioned separately into men and women because of the influence by the Confucian culture. Men stayed in east side, called Sarangchae. Women stayed in Anchae where is west side and the sunshine is the stronger than the other parts of house.
- Chogajib (초가집)
Chogajib is the house with roof made by reed, silver glass or rice straw. Rice straw is empty inside so decrease the amount of sunshine comes into the house in summer and help the warm air not to leak out of house in winter. The surface of rice straw is soft and smooth that doesn’t absorb the water and let it flow. But Chogajib should replace the roof every year which is the big work.
3. Neowajib (너와집)
Neowa is a small board of more than 200 years old pine tree so the size is not perfectly even. Neowa roof is good with ventilation and smoke eliminating so it makes house very cool in summer and warm in winter. Neowajib is usually built around mountain but not many left apart from Gangwon-do.
4. Gulpijib (굴피집)
Gulpi means the inner layer of skin of oak tree. Some towns around mountain made this Gulpi as a roof. It is very uneven but lasts long so changed the roof about once in 20 years. Gulpi protect house from rain and humidness but in the dry winter, it was difficult to make inside of house warm.
5. Dolgiwajib (돌기와집)
Dolgiwajib is built with a flat clay=slate stone. The method of making Dolgiwa roof was similar with Neowa or Gulpi. It lasts really long and economic.
There are many other types of house like Guituljib, Umjib, Damjib, Hotjib, Yangtongjib and so on.